How To Push Code to GitHub: Step-by-Step

by | Jul 3, 2023 | Etcetera | 0 comments

Enforcing style control generally is a simple endeavor for many who best worked as a solo dev with a local repo. Then again, this isn’t the case for a lot of professional duties. Instead, a body of workers will pool property correct right into a a long way flung repo the use of a bunch comparable to GitHub. As such, it’s essential to discover ways to push to GitHub because it’s something you’ll must do as part of your workflow.

This post will show you ways you’ll be able to push to GitHub the use of the command line. Moreover, we check out faithful apps to assist in making the process smoother. At the end of the object, we discuss why pull requests should be something you be told and the best way they relate to pushing code. First, let’s check out the best way you’d use GitHub on your duties.

How a Developer or Programmer Will Use GitHub

GitHub is an very important software for developers and programmers world for a large number of reasons. It allows you to store your code in a centralized location, which makes it easy to get right of entry to and gives higher collaboration with other developers.

The GitHub logo, showing the word “GitHub” in black text on a white background.
The GitHub logo.

You’re moreover in a position to track changes made on your code and revert to previous diversifications if vital. In addition to, GitHub provides tools to lend a hand prepare issues and bugs, and this makes it more straightforward to handle your codebase.

Collaboration is without doubt one of the key the explanation why you’ll want to use GitHub as your a long way flung model keep an eye on gadget (VCS) of variety. It allows you to proportion code, track changes, and collaborate on issues without a lot fuss. It is going to lend a hand efficiency and too can lead to upper code top quality.

GitHub moreover provides you with a pain-free solution to prepare a few diversifications of a codebase, track changes, and roll them once more if you wish to. Large duties and open-source collaborative efforts will be merely two tactics GitHub will show its value.

Even simple use instances can also be very good. For instance, you will have to store code on your internet building mission and push a long way flung updates as you’re making changes. Moreover, secure integration/secure deployment (CI/CD) duties will have the benefit of automation inside the kind of GitHub Movements during assemble ranges.

A portion of the GitHub Actions website, showing a gray box with the dialog, “Build, Test, and Publish” along with a button. There are lines akin to a flow chat connecting to three boxes for Linux, macOS, and Windows systems, each with the command, “run: npm test”. There are also gray lines running and converging from those boxes.
An example of the best way GitHub Actions fit correct right into a workflow.

At all the, GitHub – and other a long way flung VCS hosts comparable to GitLab – provides a platform for collaboration, style control, and other construction workflows. It will most likely lend a hand streamline the improvement process and support code top quality. As such, you’ll need to discover ways to push to GitHub, as this information will benefit you nearly every day.

How To Push to GitHub from the Terminal (Command Line)

The rest of this text will show you ways you’ll be able to push to GitHub. It’s a process that’s simple to take hold of and execute.

Then again, you wish to have to you must for sure set your venture up up to now, differently, you’ll stumble upon errors. In our first segment, we check out what tools and abilities you wish to have, then check out the process itself in detail.

What You Wish to Push to GitHub

It’s essential to be sure you prepare your venture to beef up the use of a a long way flung repo and integrating pushing into your workflow. As such, first and foremost, you wish to have a Git repository – a ‘repo’ to store your code in. Believe this a folder that comprises the ideas similar along with your venture.

The entire style control process begins inside of a local environment for your computer. We’ve got now the correct steps to check out this later, then again it’s conceivable you’ll already have this information (or know where to get right of entry to it.)

You moreover need a GitHub account. In reality, you will have to moreover use each and every different online VCS host, comparable to GitLab, BitBucket, Friend, and additional. The instructions we give you correct right here will transfer, for one of the crucial segment, to other platforms. Then again, comparing the ones hosts is previous the scope of the object.

To push your code to GitHub, you’ll be capable to use each the command line or a graphical particular person interface (GUI.) The main bulk of our post will be regarding the command line workflow, then again there’s moreover a work on the use of a GUI, too, as some are stylish. Then again, bear in mind that each and every GUI can have a definite process to push to GitHub, because of this that you wish to have to stick to a decided on app to benefit from it.

In spite of everything, be sure you have the precise get right of entry to on your repo. GitHub’s documentation is whole correct right here, and in addition you’ll have to look to each HTTPS get right of entry to tokens or Protected Shell (SSH) get admission to. Without this, you won’t be able to do any artwork!

1. Create a GitHub Repository

The first step is to create a brand spanking new online repo inside of GitHub. When you’ll be capable to do this from the command line, it’s merely as simple to do it the use of a web browser.

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Every time you log in or sign up to GitHub, head to the top-right corner of the show and seek for a Plus drop-down menu next on your profile avatar. If you happen to open this, it will show you a few possible choices that include New repository:

A portion of the GitHub interface that shows a list of latest changes within the GitHub repo. On top is a drop-down menu with a number of options. The New repository option is highlighted in blue.
Choosing to create a brand spanking new repository in GitHub.

Every time you click on in this, you return to the Create a New Repository internet web page. This may occasionally show you quite a lot of settings to lend a hand set your a long way flung repo up:

The Create a new repository screen within GitHub. There are a number of options here, such as naming an owner, setting a repository name, making the repo private or public, and initialization options. There are settings for readme and .gitignore files, and the option to choose a suitable license.
Creating a brand spanking new repository in GitHub.

The selections you set correct right here will be unique on your venture’s needs. Then again, if you already have a local repo to push to GitHub, we’d tick as little as imaginable to be able to keep parity between local and a long way flung.

From correct right here, click on at the Create repository button, and GitHub will set problems up beneath the hood. At this stage, you return to the repo area internet web page with instructions on how you’ll be able to prepare a brand spanking new local repo that links to the a long way flung one the use of the command line. The path you practice relies on whether or not or now not you don’t however have a repo or need to clone the contents of an provide venture.

Whilst you’ve were given already initialized Git and populated your local repo, you won’t need to carry out the remainder from step two. Instead, you’ll be capable to head right kind to the third step, where we check out pushing code to GitHub from your local repo.

2a. Clone Your A ways flung Git Repo

If you happen to don’t however have a local repo, the GitHub style will be the only one. One of the best ways to sync every puts is by way of the use of the git clone command for your computer. Then again, you do need the URL on your repo.

To get this, head to the repo inside of GitHub, and seek for the green Code drop-down chance above your checklist of data:

A portion of a repo within Github. The main part of the image shows the green Code drop-down menu, complete with the HTTPS URL for the repo itself, and options to download a ZIP file of the repo, and to open it with GitHub Desktop.
Opening the Code drop-down menu in GitHub.

If you happen to don’t see this, it’s most certainly because you don’t however have a populated repo. Follow that you just will have to replica the repo URL from the blue Rapid Setup box at the height of the show. Simply switch to HTTPS the use of the buttons, and duplicate the URL.

A portion of the GitHub screen showing the Quick Setup box in blue. It has a header that reads, “Quick setup – if you’ve done this kind of thing before” and options to set up the repo in GitHub Desktop or copy both the HTTPS and SSH URLs for the repo. There is also a snippet of code to create a new repo on the command line.
The use of the Rapid setup possible choices to duplicate a repo URL take care of in GitHub.

Then again, we’d love to generate a .gitignore report, as this will be something you wish to have anyway. You’ll be capable to use to search for the tools you utilize and, from there, generate a complete .gitignore report so as to add to the repo:

Toptal’s GitIgnore website. It’s white, with a blue toolbar at the top. In the middle, there’s a search bar with a green confirm button to search for elements, and a blue title that reads, “”.
The web page.

Regardless, once you’ll be capable to open the Code drop-down, it will show URLs on your repo. There will be possible choices for HTTPS, Safe Shell (SSH,) and others. Then again, the straightforward means is to use the HTTPS URL. You’ll be capable to click on at the small Copy icon next to the URL in question to duplicate it on your clipboard.

Next, head once more on your Terminal or command line device, and run the following:

git clone 

Every time you run the command, Git will replica the a long way flung repo on your local environment.

2b. Initialize Git In Your Local Problem Folder

For situations where you don’t however have a local style of your a long way flung repo, you wish to have to initialize one. Most of the artwork you do will be local, with pushing the changes to the a long way flung server at not unusual sessions. Listed here are the steps:

  • First, cd to a folder you’d like to use on your venture.
  • Next, run the git init command. This may occasionally initialize Git for your local venture folder and create a hidden .git checklist.
  • Add your .gitignore report to the root of your venture’s local folder, as you won’t need to level some changes in the case of machine data.

At this stage, you wish to have to index your provide data. You do this inside the standard means the use of git add, then committing the changes:

git add .

git dedicate -m “Initial Devote”

git division -M trunk

The general line changes your main division to 1 factor else of your choosing for many who haven’t however switched from take hold of. The latter is problematic as it has harmful connotations to slavery, so it’s really helpful to modify it. We’ve used trunk correct right here, then again main may be acceptable. If this line isn’t one you wish to have, you’ll be capable to disregard it.

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At this stage, you’re ready to discover ways to push to GitHub!

3. Add a New A ways flung Starting and Push Your Code to GitHub

Every time you’ve created a brand spanking new a long way flung repository on GitHub, you wish to have so to upload a brand spanking new ‘a long way flung starting’ on your local repository. This is essentially the link on your a long way flung repo, so that your local one is conscious about where to send the upstream changes.

To check out this, enter the following command for your terminal:

git a long way flung add starting 

In a technical sense, the a long way flung you add can also be any name. Then again, most identify it “starting” as you best use one a long way flung add, and it supplies absolute clarity. At this stage, you’ll be capable to push to GitHub the use of the following:

git push -u starting trunk

This command will push your code to the new a long way flung starting – named “starting” – and gadgets the upstream division to “trunk.” You’re moreover welcome to push any division to the a long way flung repo if you wish to.

A portion of a Terminal window that shows the output from a git push command. It shows how the process enumerates through files, compresses them, and writes them to GitHub. It also shows which URL those files go to, any new branches that have to be set up, and a summary of the overall action taken – tracking a remote branch from the origin.
Running a git push command inside the Terminal.

Once the process completes, you wish to have to make certain that the frenzy was once as soon as a success. There are a couple of tactics to check out this. As an example, you’ll be capable to head to the repo on GitHub and take a look at to seem if the changes are live:

A repo home page on GitHub. It shows the path for the repo, a selection of navigation options to carry out different tasks, and a list of changes based on a recent commit. There is also information about the repo, such as its license, description, and release schedule.
Checking the status of a Git repo in GitHub.

Then again, you’ll be capable to moreover run git log from the command line:

The top of a Terminal window that shows the output from a git log command. The commit hash displays in yellow, with branch information in red. There is information for the author and date of commit, along with a commit message for each.
Running a git log command inside the Terminal and viewing the output.

This command presentations every dedicate on your repo, along with the one you merely pushed. As such, if the dedicate is all through the log, the frenzy was once as soon as a success.

How To Push to GitHub Without Errors

In some instances, you’ll want to stumble upon an error when you attempt to push to code to GitHub:

A Terminal window that has looked to run a git push command, and encountered an error. The title for this error reads, “Warning: Remote Host Identification Has Changed!” and offers a lot of information relating to the error. In short, it guides you to check the RSA fingerprint, contact your sysadmin, and add the correct host key to your ‘known hosts’ file.
Getting an RSA key error after running a git push.

This happens when you already have a secure connection to GitHub by way of an earlier venture then again the use of an earlier RSA key. We’ve got now a data on how you’ll be able to repair this factor typically. Then again, to mend this for GitHub specifically, you’ll be capable to run the following:

ssh-keygen -R

This may occasionally change your ‘identified hosts’ report, then display a confirmation message:

A corner of a Terminal screen that shows the results of removing old keygens for from your ‘known hosts’ file. The command scraps the file, finds the host name, updates the file, and gives a path to where a copy of the original file is saved.
Doing away with an earlier host key the use of the Terminal.

From correct right here, run the following so to upload the new RSA key on your identified hosts report:

curl -L | jq -r '.ssh_keys | .[]' | sed -e 's/^/ /' >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts

In reality, you might also see an error correct right here too, in the case of the jq package deal. If that is so, you’ll be capable to run either one of the following depending for your operating machine:

  • House home windows: curl -L -o /usr/bin/jq.exe
  • Mac: brew arrange jq
  • Linux: apt-get change | apt-get -y arrange jq

Once this installs, run the command yet again and look forward to it to complete:

The top of a Terminal window that shows the result of running a command to create a new RSA key and add it to the known hosts file. It shows the full command, and a summary of the data transfer.
Creating a brand spanking new RSA key the use of the Terminal.

You’ll be capable to finally run the git push command yet again, and this time, you’ll have to see the process complete. If not, the issue is most certainly as a result of unsuitable SSH keys or even that you wish to have to organize secure connections the use of faithful keys. We’ve got now a whole data on how you’ll be able to generate new SSH keys for GitHub, and GitHub’s documentation may be whole correct right here.

The use of a GUI to Push Your Code to GitHub

While the process of pushing code to GitHub is inconspicuous when you set it up, there are lots of steps, caveats, and subprocesses to believe. A GUI can simplify the process.

For instance, you’ve gotten all the capacity of the command line then again the use of a nicer interface (with drag-and-drop in some instances.) What’s further, it’s often easier to visualize and prepare changes by way of a GUI, specifically for many who’re not familiar with command line tools.

If you’ll in no way need to use your GUI app to get right of entry to each and every different a long way flung VCS host, GitHub Desktop might be absolute best.

The GitHub Desktop interface, showing a history of commits along the left-hand side, and code differences within a specific commit in the main window. There are a number of line additions that use green highlighting.
The GitHub Desktop app.

The app allows you to create and prepare repositories, dedicate changes, and push those changes to GitHub with only a few clicks. It in reality works the use of drag-and-drop capacity and as well as has a ‘visual diff’ device that simplifies working out code changes between diversifications:

A portion of the GitHub Desktop interface that shows a single commit and its changes. It shows removal of whitespace that uses red highlighting, and line additions that use green highlighting.
Viewing diversifications in a dedicate the use of GitHub Desktop.

Sourcetree is each and every different stylish Git GUI that we check out in our roundup of internet building gear.  While the preferred VCS is BitBucket (as a result of it being an Atlassian product), you’ll be capable to nevertheless use the device with GitHub. The merge war answer device may be to hand and is without doubt one of the standout choices.

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GitKraken is arguably the best looking GUI app available and gives an inexpensive free style for local and public repos. This is helping all the number one VCS hosts – GitHub, finally, then again GitLab and BitBucket, too, among others. We like its visual representation of your repo, and the solution supplies thoughtful capacity for teams too.

The use of GitHub Desktop to Push to GitHub

While the process for each and every app will be reasonably different, GitHub Desktop is slick. You’re hired inside of a single show that uses fairly a large number of house home windows and panels. Once you’re making a change to a report (which you’ll be capable to open inside of your editor of variety from a right-click context menu), you dedicate the use of a small widget on show:

The GitHub Desktop interface that shows a change to a file on the left, and the specific changes in the main window. There is one line removal that uses red highlighting, and two additions using green highlighting. The bottom left corner shows the commit message box. It’s highlighted in purple, and lets you type the commit message and description. There’s a blue “Commit to trunk” button to confirm the commit.
Committing a change inside of GitHub Desktop.

This dedicate will transform part of the Push Starting segment all through the height toolbar: If you happen to don’t have any changes to dedicate, there could be a notification to push your commits to the start a long way flung:

The GitHub Desktop interface showing that there are no local changes. There are a number of options in the main window to push commits to the remote repo, open the repo in an editor, view those files on your computer, and view the repo page within GitHub’s web interface
Pushing changes to the a long way flung starting inside of GitHub Desktop.

It is a one-click method to push changes on your GitHub repo. All of the workflow is rapid, painless, and simple to execute.

The use of Kinsta’s Software Web hosting and GitHub

If you happen to’re a Kinsta purchaser, you’ll be capable to ship your whole programs to us. Our Utility and Database Webhosting allows you to deploy nearly any app the use of a large number of languages, comparable to PHP, Node, Python, and additional. You connect to GitHub without the need to use quite a lot of Git instructions.

To begin out, log into your Kinsta dashboard, and navigate to the Systems show. It’ll look bare when you first get right of entry to it:

The MyKinsta dashboard, showing the Applications page. There’s a purple graphic of funnels and tubes, and a small section showing an Add service button in purple, and a Learn more button in white. There are also brief instructions on what it means to add your first service.
The MyKinsta Systems internet web page all through the Dashboard.

Then again, for many who click on at the Add service button, this provides you with the solution to deploy each an app or a database. For this example, we’ll make a choice Software:

A close-up of the Applications page creation dialog. It shows a purple Add service button with a drop-down to either create an Application or Database. There’s a white Learn more button, and guidance on what to expect once you create a new service.
Together with a brand spanking new service the use of the similar button inside of Kinsta’s Systems show.

Kinsta will then ask you to connect with GitHub to be able to import repos from the platform:

The MyKinsta Applications page showing a popup dialog to integrate with GitHub. There is a brief description of what you do, and buttons to both Cancel the integration or Continue with GitHub.
Choosing to mix with GitHub when you add a brand spanking new service.

The wizard that comes next will will let you prepare your device. You first need to choose a repo from GitHub, then make a selection the default division:

The Add Application wizard, showing the four steps to set up an app and integrate it with GitHub. There are a number of options, such as choosing a repo and branch, adding an application name, choosing a data center location, and more. At the bottom is a purple Continue button and a white Cancel button.
Putting in place the applying details on your deployment all through the MyKinsta Add device wizard.

You moreover need to give your device a name inside of MyKinsta and make a selection an information middle. Every time you click on on Continue, you will have to tweak the assemble environment settings:

The Build environment section of the Add application wizard. It shows a drop-down to select one of three build machine options, then a partial section to choose a Dockerfile for your deployment.
Environment assemble environment possible choices all through the MyKinsta deployment wizard.

Proper right here, you’ve gotten a couple of possible choices:

  • Make a choice a assemble tool from the checklist.
  • Organize a container image, each the use of automation or from a decided on path of your own.

After this, you wish to have to organize your property and processes. Our Fast Get started Examples include the similar web processes you wish to have, then again you’ll be capable to moreover set your own up. Follow that you just’ll be capable to have as many processes as your funds allows for:

The Resources section of the Add application wizard. It shows options to set a process name, select a process type, add a start command, select a pod size, and specify an instance count. There’s also a white Add new process button.
Specifying property all through the Add device wizard show.

Every time you view the per month usage costs, you’ll be capable to make the associated fee. At this stage, you’ll be capable to use Software Web hosting complete with GitHub integration. There’s much more to seek out about Software and Database Web hosting, and our documentation is whole and in-depth.


GitHub is an crucial device for developers and programmers. It provides a centralized repository to store, track, and collaborate on code. Every time you discover ways to push your code to GitHub from a local repo, you’ll be ready to join in with that collaboration.

The use of the command line, it’s simple to push your code to GitHub and will best need a handful of directions when you set the whole thing up. Then again, it’s conceivable you’ll need to believe a loyal GUI app, comparable to GitKraken or GitHub Desktop. The ones can take the command line out of the equation and can mean you can perform nearly every process you wish to have with Git from a well-known interface.

What’s further, GitHub is superb along with Kinsta’s top-tier Utility and Database Webhosting. This permits you to hook up your GitHub repo to our group of 25 data amenities and beef up numerous quite a lot of frameworks. The resource-based pricing may be competitive and smartly all through the reach of extreme!

Do you’ve gotten any questions about how you’ll be able to push to GitHub? Ask away inside the comments segment underneath!

The post How To Push Code to GitHub: Step-by-Step appeared first on Kinsta®.

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