How To Use Cookie-Unfastened Domain names: A Whole Information

by | Jan 2, 2023 | Etcetera | 0 comments

Does your internet web page suffer from slow functionality and high group website online guests? Where cookies are continuously the wrongdoer, one environment friendly solution is to use cookie-free domains.

Although cookies are one of the most an important primary cornerstones of our online enjoy, they aren’t always as tasty as their identify would perhaps suggest. Previous privacy and safety issues involving third-party cookies, cookies which might be robotically connected on your web site’s footage and other static content material subject material can have a important impact on internet web page capability.

Thankfully, it’s possible to trim the pointless weight (in this case, pointless cookies) by way of the usage of cookie-free domains. In this complete knowledge, we’ll assessment the basics of cookie-free domains, why they’re so useful, and the best way you’ll have the ability to configure your WordPress web site to use them.

Alternatively first, let’s succeed in into the digital cookie jar and take a closer check out how domains use cookies — for upper or worse.

What Are Cookie-Loose Domains?

Cookie-free domains are parts of a internet web page that don’t send cookies to consumers’ browsers.

Alternatively why now not send cookies all the time? In any case, wouldn’t or now not it’s smartly mannered to give consumers as many cookies as possible?

Not necessarily. When we’re talking about cookie-free domains, we’re finally relating to HTTP cookies. No longer like our favorite baked treats, HTTP cookies are little packets of data that internet pages send to consumers’ browsers. While now not very tasty, they’re extremely useful for allowing internet pages to “imagine” consumers the next time they visit.

Alternatively, similar to actual cookies, you don’t want to serve too many HTTP cookies. As we’ll see shortly, visitors love a few cookies — alternatively any more than what they would like will lead them to truly really feel gradual and bloated.

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What Are HTTP Cookies?

HTTP cookies are in every single place on the web.

Every time you visit a internet web page, there’s a very good probability that the internet web page will ask you to store cookies at the side of your browser. At the side of information about the internet web page itself and the internet web page you’ve visited, cookies include a personal identifier tied to you and your browser. This identifier we could within the internet web page to “imagine” whilst you’ve already visited the internet web page.

Let’s take a closer check out how this cookie trade works (spoiler alert: there aren’t any fascinating wicker baskets or lady scouts involved).

How websites send HTTP cookies to users’ web browsers
How internet pages send HTTP cookies to consumers’ web browsers

As confirmed inside the image above, the trade can also be broken down into 3 steps:

  1. Your browser requests a web internet web page. When you enter an take care of (e.g., a web site URL similar to “kinsta.com”) into your browser’s take care of bar or click on on on a web link, your browser generates an HTTP request that tells the internet web page that it wants to view the internet web page. This request is sent to the web server that hosts the web page and its pages.
  2. The web server sends the internet web page and the cookie. Upon receiving your request, the web server sends once more the requested internet web page and a cookie containing sure wisdom. As we mentioned earlier, this cookie just about always includes a personal identifier for you and your browser.
  3. The browser requests every other internet web page from the equivalent server. Now let’s say you click on on on a link to a few different internet web page on the internet web page, similar to “Retailer” or “About Us” on an ecommerce web site. Proper right here, your browser sends every other request to the web server and the cookie it was once as soon as at first given. When the web server receives this request, it sees the cookie it sent previously and recollects you’ve already visited. With that wisdom, the web server can send further custom designed research, similar to maintaining an vigorous login or items in a purchasing groceries cart.

There are also different cookies for quite a lot of purposes. Inside the example above, the web server engaged in session keep an eye on maintains your login or purchasing groceries cart items — in numerous words, your own session on their internet web page. Similarly, cookies can also be used to send custom designed research, similar to showing recent orders, noticed items, or even targeted advertisements.

While it would sound nice to be given cookies anyplace you pass, it’s now not the entire thing it’s cracked up to be. As we’ll see inside the next section, it’s if truth be told possible for a internet web page to send too many cookies — a couple of of which many people would fairly now not “consume.”

How Domains Use HTTP Cookies

Although personal identifiers are one an important use for HTTP cookies, they aren’t the only ones. Actually, cookies can be used for plenty of purposes to supply further custom designed web research, send targeted content material subject material, and additional.

How cookies might be used to violate privacy
How cookies might be used to violate privacy

We already lined how internet pages and browsers trade HTTP cookies to “imagine” you. While that can be helpful for maintaining login categories and showing purchasing groceries cart items, cookies can also be used for added nefarious (or outright hectic) purposes.

Listed here are one of the most most now not abnormal techniques domains use HTTP cookies.

  • Session keep an eye on. this one by way of now. Session keep an eye on is continuously thought to be some of the “benign” use for HTTP cookies, as its sole goal is to send a relentless client enjoy this is serving to the shopper steer clear of having to replicate sure actions. While seeing previous process would perhaps supply privacy problems for some consumers, it’s moderately harmless. The true privacy issues come when cookies are used for tracking, which we’ll duvet shortly.
  • Personalization. Session keep an eye on can also be used to personalize web pages in accordance with client preferences and process. For instance, after selecting their language of variety, consumers will be able to view the internet web page in that exact same language on subsequent visits without a want to transfer it every time. Cookies can also allow internet pages to adapt to the specific must haves of other internet browsers.
  • Tracking. Cookies also have a controversial side. Since your browser stores the cookies internet pages get a hold of, those cookies can be used to track you in every single place you pass on the web. For instance, it is advisable visit a internet web page that gives your browser a tracking cookie letting affiliated advertisers around the web know that you just visited their internet web page. When advertisers perceive this cookie, they may be able to display targeted commercials for the original internet web page or even use it as a vector for cyber assaults. In the end, tracking cookies may just make it truly really feel like you’re being “followed” — something that contains a slew of ethical and privacy problems.
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Thankfully, most HTTP cookies are used for session keep an eye on and personalization. Alternatively, even some of the innocent cookies might reason problems.

So far, we’ve explored the idea of one internet web page sending one cookie. Actually, one internet web page in most cases sends a couple of cookies, continuously one for each and every internet web page section — HTML, image knowledge, and so on. While a couple of of those cookies are important for session keep an eye on and personalization, a number of them aren’t.

As a result of this, it’s possible to send too many cookies, and this may occasionally cause a variety of problems. We’ll communicate concerning the ones problems inside the next section.

Eating Too Many Cookies

No longer like most bureaucracy, web pages are a collection of moderately a large number of portions that give them form, building, and that suggests. Each of the ones portions can have its non-public cookie.

Whilst not unusual bureaucracy we might perhaps view in a .pdf or .docx construction would perhaps seem to be a single “combination” of text and images, web pages are built of many separate, small parts.

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are major components of most websites
HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are primary parts of extreme internet pages

For instance, when you request a web internet web page, you’re if truth be told requesting separate internet web page parts, similar to HTML (building), CSS (style/formatting), JavaScript (interactivity), and media, similar to photographs. As such, when your browser receives a web internet web page, it’s if truth be told receiving and re-combining the ones parts to turn the entire internet web page for your show.

If the web server is also sending cookies, it must robotically send a cookie with every section all the way through this process. That may perhaps now not suggest so much for a simple web internet web page with just a few footage, alternatively it would quickly get overwhelming if a web internet web page has tens or even lots of quite a lot of parts — and is sending a cookie for each and every one.

Similar to eating too many cookies in authentic life, sending and receiving too many HTTP cookies leads to gradual capability. Since sending additional knowledge requires additional time and assets, sending cookies together with every section can merely consume a huge amount of group assets.

House Vitamin: Going Cookie-Loose

Thankfully, the strategy to sending too many cookies uses a real-world analogy: To beef up capability, simply consume (be informed: send) fewer cookies.

Alternatively which cookies are we supposed to give up? In most cases, it’s highest observe to remove cookies from any static portions for your internet web page.

Static portions are those that you received’t expect to change with client behavior, similar to static footage or static knowledge, like CSS knowledge. As a result of this, they don’t need cookies hooked as much as them, making eliminating them one of the most an important highest techniques to reduce group load and beef up capability.

If truth be told, eliminating cookies isn’t as simple as unchecking a “cookies” checkbox.

Instead, web servers use cookie-free domains to distribute static content material subject material without cookies separately from content material subject material with cookies. A cookie-free space is in most cases a separate space (similar to a subdomain or FQDN, like “static.kinsta.com” or “kinsta.com”).

Structure of a URL showing a subdomain
Building of a URL showing a subdomain

Thankfully, it’s now not very hard to use cookie-free domains when you’re the usage of the right apparatus — and putting in a subdomain isn’t the only way of doing so.

Alternatively quicker than we get our hands dirty, let’s uncover one of the most largest benefits of the usage of cookie-free domains and easily how huge of an impact this may occasionally have for your internet web page (and your worth vary).

Why Use Cookie-Loose Domains?

Getting rid of additional cookies would perhaps sound like a small movement — and admittedly, it’s.

Alternatively, this small movement comes with some beautiful huge benefits. Via most effective sending the cookies you need, you’ll lighten your group website online guests and reap a number of the other benefits came upon underneath — a couple of of which don’t have anything else to do with capability the least bit.

Reduces Useless Group Web page guests

Most benefits of the usage of cookie-free domains stem from reducing group load from unnecessary cookie website online guests.

As we lined earlier, sending internet web page portions on your visitors requires a specific amount of group assets. Previous the elements themselves, each and every section (or even a couple of parts of the equivalent section) are sent with response headers containing routing wisdom, together with other portions similar to cookies.

Even though cookies are moderately small knowledge knowledge, having to send a large number of them with every internet web page request can quickly add up. As a result of this, consumers have to wait longer for the internet web page to load as your poor web host gets overwhelmed (and, on account of this, goes over worth vary).

For those who use cookie-free domains, however, you’ll do away with a number of the majority ended in by way of sending unnecessary cookies.

Improves Internet website online Potency

As it is advisable imagine, reducing group load by way of reducing cookies has crucial impact on loading events and web page functionality.

Since every internet web page click on on is a separate request to the web server, consumers would perhaps to seek out themselves taking a look forward to extended periods merely to perform fundamental navigation (Area Internet web page > About Us > Retailer, and lots of others.). While internet web page portions and cookies would perhaps get cached and reused after the main moderately so much, this may occasionally nevertheless supply a subject matter if the pages change or the shopper dives even deeper into your internet web page.

Benefits search engine marketing and Individual Experience

Via reducing unnecessary website online guests to beef up internet web page capability, your internet web page may also see benefits on the subject of SEO (search engine marketing) and, finally, purchaser and consumer revel in.

Purchaser enjoy is the most obvious receive advantages: with a shorter load time, consumers can get admission to the content material subject material they would really like further quickly. As a result of this, they’ll be a lot more prone to uncover your internet web page (and your products or services and products and merchandise) and not more much more likely to click on on away in frustration.

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The equivalent receive advantages moreover applies to search engine marketing. While internet web page loading events don’t right away impact search engine marketing, your soar price — the share of tourists who click on on off your internet web page — undoubtedly does.

Shoppers don’t want to wait long for a page to load
Internet web page load speeds

In line with a record from Unbounce, three-quarters of shippers will abandon a internet web page if they have to wait 4 seconds or longer for it to load.

As a result of this even supposing eliminating unnecessary cookies improves your load occasions by way of only a second, you’ll nevertheless see a big reduction in soar and, on account of this, a spice as much as your search rating.

Lowers Web hosting Costs

Group website online guests ultimately costs money in web hosting fees.

That means whilst you’re sending further cookies than you need, you’re moreover paying way more in web hosting fees. And if cookies are impacting internet web page capability, the wear and tear and tear is doubled: At the side of paying for added website online guests, you’ll want to pay for a lot more to get the equivalent return on account of the better soar price ended in by way of slow load events.

Thankfully, controlled webhosting services and products like Kinsta assist you to completely benefit from your internet web page visits. Kinsta supplies APM equipment and other choices that will help you take pleasure in your WordPress internet web page.

Cookieless Longer term Readiness

In spite of everything, while it’s going to now not be a direct receive advantages now, delivering cookie-free content material subject material will assist you to upper get able for a cookieless long term.

With cookie controversy on the rise in delicate of privacy must haves, such for the reason that GDPR, many primary engines like google, and era companies are in search of techniques to do away with cookies altogether. While cookies almost definitely received’t pass away for some time, they truly smartly would perhaps in the end — and the sooner you’re in a position for it, the easier the transition may well be.

Methods of The use of Cookie-Loose Domains

As we lined earlier, the entire thought of a cookie-free space is to send static content material subject material without delivering cookies. Although creating a separate static space or subdomain is some of the direct means to try this, it’s moreover possible with CDNs and a couple of WordPress tips.

Create a Separate, Cookie-Loose House

With this method, you’ll create a separate space for hosting your internet web page’s static parts, similar to photographs and CSS.

When you’ll have the ability to join a completely separate space identify, it’s in most cases easier and more cost effective to create a subdomain of your provide space identify. Most cookie-free domains simply use a static prefix (e.g., “static.yourdomain.com”) as their subdomain.

Realize that this may increasingly once in a while most effective art work if the “www” fashion of your space (e.g., “www.yourdomain.com”) is the root space for your internet web page’s root report.

To make the subdomain cookieless, you’d in most cases have to look out and edit your .htaccess report right away the usage of explicit code. Alternatively, as we’ll see later, it’s much more clear-cut to simply reconfigure your WordPress web site or use a plugin.

Alternatively you configure your cookie-free subdomain, you’ll have the ability to upload static parts, similar for your CSS parts, footage, text, and JavaScript.

Use a Content material subject material Provide Group (CDN)

The use of a content material subject material provide group or CDN is a in particular at hand means to use cookie-free domains.

Proper right here, fairly than having to create separate subdomains and edit configuration knowledge, you’ll have the ability to simply tell your CDN to fail to remember about and strip cookies from the response headers of your static parts. That may sound fairly subtle, however it without a doubt’s if truth be told a simple feature in a number of CDNs.

Realize that now not every CDN provides this capacity. As a result of this, it’s maximum ceaselessly upper to change your internet web page’s configuration except for you’re already the usage of a CDN that allows you to disable cookies.

Reconfigure Your WordPress Internet website online

For those who’re the usage of WordPress, you’re in good fortune: All it takes to designate a cookie-free space is to switch a couple of strains for your wp-config.php report. Skip ahead to the next section (Configuring WordPress to Use Cookie-Loose Domains) for complete instructions.

Use a WordPress Plugin

Each different easy WordPress risk is to use a plugin for creating static diversifications of WordPress internet pages.

One standard plugin for doing this is WP2Static (if truth be told “WordPress-to-Static”). After setting up the plugin, simply open it for your WordPress dashboard and configure the settings to export your internet web page to a static fashion:

Creating a static version of a WordPress site in WP2Static
WP2Static

Configuring WordPress to Use Cookie-Loose Domains

As mentioned above, WordPress supplies a very easy way to implement cookie-free domains. The process boils all of the means right down to a few simple steps:

  1. Together with another subdomain and comparable DNS
  2. Telling WordPress which space will serve up static property
  3. Updating provide WordPress database information to copy this new take care of

Kinsta customers can use the MyKinsta dashboard to accomplish a couple of of those tasks. Many alternative WordPress consumers will be able to do the equivalent in cPanel.

We’ll duvet every underneath.

The use of MyKinsta To Organize a Cookie-Loose House

Kinsta customers can associate subdomains (or completely different domains) with a WordPress instance within the MyKinsta dashboard. Many shoppers will also use MyKinsta’s apparatus to configure DNS for those domains.

In this example, we’ll create a cookie-free space at static.example.com for our internet web page already up and dealing at www.example.com.

Step 1. Create a Subdomain in MyKinsta

For those who to start with established your WordPress web site at Kinsta the usage of the wildcard risk with its space identify (like: *.example.com), you may well be already set to strengthen any subdomain identify. If now not, you’ll have the ability to add the new space for cookie-free content material subject material like this:

  • Make a selection WordPress Web sites on the left-hand menu.
  • Click on on on the identify of your WordPress web site.
  • Make a selection Domains on the left-hand menu.
  • Click on at the Add House button.
Screenshot: Adding another domain within MyKinsta.
Together with a subdomain within MyKinsta.

Inside the following dialog:

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  • Type the identify of your cookie-free space.
  • Click on at the Add House button.
Screenshot: Typing a new domain name within MyKinsta.
Specifying the new subdomain within MyKinsta.

Next, your new static space will want a DNS file pointing on your provide internet web page. For those who prepare DNS for your domains by the use of a third-party provider, you’re going to make use of their apparatus to check out this. If your DNS is supplied by way of us, configure your new space in MyKinsta like this:

  • Make a selection DNS on the left-hand menu of the MyKinta area internet web page.
  • On the DNS Keep watch over internet web page, scroll all of the means right down to the DNS Knowledge block and click on at the Add DNS Record button.
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We suggest together with your new subdomain to DNS as a CNAME file, allowing you to rely on merely the second-level space identify for associations with IP addresses. Beneath, we’re together with a CNAME file for static that problems to example.com:

Screenshot: Creating a DNS record within MyKinsta.
Creating a CNAME file in MyKinsta DNS keep an eye on.

Step 2. Disable Cookies on Your Static Subdomain

Now we’ll edit your WordPress web site’s wp-config.php file so that property within the wp-content folder are served up from the “static” space and cookies are delivered most effective by way of the “www” take care of.

Most Kinsta customers will use an FTP/SFTP client to login to their WordPress web site and acquire wp-config.php to their desktop for editing:

Screenshot: Downloading wp-config.php with an SFTP client.
Downloading the wp-config.php report back to the desktop.

Use a text editor as a way to upload the following strains to the wp-config.php file (converting the example domains with your personal non-public):

define("WP_CONTENT_URL", "https://static.example.com/wp-content");
define("COOKIE_DOMAIN", "www.example.com");

After saving the file, upload it on your WordPress web site, converting the previous fashion.

Step 3. Redirect Present Assets to the Subdomain

The steps above will allow cookies to be handed out when browsers load content material subject material like pages and blog posts from the “www” take care of, alternatively will cause content material subject material like media uploads and property like JavaScript, CSS and fonts within problems to be associated with the “static” space.

Alternatively, your internet web page would perhaps already have content material subject material that incorporates links to those property at the “www” take care of. You’ll clean that up with slightly search-and-replace inside the WordPress database itself.

At all times again up your WordPress website quicker than running inside the database. After that is performed:

  • Make a selection WordPress Web sites on the left-hand menu of the MyKinsta dashboard.
  • Click on on on the identify of your WordPress web site.
  • Make a selection Domains on the left-hand menu.
  • On the Internet website online Wisdom internet web page, scroll all of the means right down to the Database Get right to use block. (You’ll copy database username and password wisdom proper right here if sought after.)
  • Click on at the Open phpMyAdmin link.
  • Login on your WordPress database.
  • Click on at the SQL tab.
Screenshot: Updating content in the WordPress database using phpMyAdmin.
Running an SQL query to switch asset links in WordPress content material subject material.

Run the following command to be sure that any asset links within your provide posts are directed on your cookie-free subdomain (another time, being sure to change the domains with your personal):

UPDATE wp_posts SET post_content = REPLACE(post_content, 'www.example.com/wp-content/', ' static.example.com/wp-content/')

You’ve now successfully configured a cookie-free space in WordPress with the help of MyKinsta. Use this space to host any static content material subject material for which you don’t want to send WordPress cookies and use your not unusual space for the entire thing else.

The use of cPanel To Organize a Cookie-Loose House

Listed here are the steps to accomplish what we did above in MyKinsta the usage of cPanel or one of the most an important standard cPanel possible choices.

Step 1. Create a Subdomain in cPanel

Navigate to the Domains section of the cPanel number one internet web page. Inside the Subdomains tool, simply create a subdomain hooked as much as the top-level space of your provide WordPress web site.

The ones settings can also be spotted underneath to create the subdomain static.example.com.

Creating a subdomain in cPanel
Creating a subdomain in cPanel

Step 2. Configure the Subdomain as Static in cPanel

At the side of your new static subdomain in a position to transport, it’s time to make it live up to its identify by way of making it serve static content material subject material in WordPress.

We’ll do this by way of editing your WordPress web site’s wp-config.php file. One of the best ways to get admission to this file is in cPanel’s Record Manager tool.

In Record Manager, navigate on your internet web page’s public_html folder and make a selection wp-config.php (1). Then, make a selection the Edit risk (2) to edit the file.

Locating the wp-config.php file in the cPanel File Manager tool
To find the wp-config.php file

Inside the wp-config.php file, simply add the following strains (being sure to change the domains with your personal!):

define("WP_CONTENT_URL", "https://static.example.com/wp-content");
define("COOKIE_DOMAIN", "www.example.com");

Click on on “Save Changes.”

Step 3. Redirect Present Posts to the Subdomain

In spite of everything, you’ll want to redirect your provide posts to the new static subdomain. Alternatively first, take into accout to again up your WordPress website merely in case it doesn’t function accurately after.

Inside the Database section of cPanel, open the PhpMySQL tool. Make a selection your web site’s database and then its _posts table.

Click on at the SQL tab of the _posts table. Run the following command to ensure that your put up URLs are directed on your cookie-free subdomain (another time, being sure to change the domains with your personal):

UPDATE wp_posts SET post_content = REPLACE(post_content, 'www.example.com/wp-content/', ' static.example.com/wp-content/')
Redirecting existing posts to the new static subdomain
Redirecting provide posts to the new static subdomain

And that’s it! You’ve now prepare a cookie-free space in WordPress with the help of cPanel. Use the cookie-free space for static content material subject material like footage, CSS, JavaScript, and fonts, while allowing cookies for your web site’s primary space.

Cookie-free domain names may let you lighten your community site visitors… & extra. 🚫🍪 Learn on to be told extra ⬇Click on to Tweet

Summary

The use of cookie-free domains is a very environment friendly way to beef up your web site capability, scale back hosting costs, and even strengthen your purchaser enjoy and search engine marketing.

As we’ve spotted, putting in cookie-free domains in WordPress is truly helpful. Alternatively, only a controlled WordPress host like Kinsta can take whole benefit of the ones benefits.

With at hand apparatus for getting rid of set-cookie headers and direct database get entry to to redirect posts to a static subdomain, it’s not at all been easier to use cookie-free domains. Kinsta’s APM equipment and other performance-monitoring choices can also assist you to follow the consequences.

For more information and to look Kinsta on your self, touch us or time table a unfastened demo as of late.

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